The Day Dream
The Beloved (The Bride), 1865
La Pia de Tolomei
Dante Gabriel Rossetti est l’un des fondateurs de la Confrérie préraphaélite, avec William Holman Hunt et John Everett Millais. Jeunes étudiants à la Royal Academy de Londres, les préraphaélites contestent la culture artistique officielle anglaise pour son manque de vigueur, de sérieux et de sincérité: qualités qu’ils discernent au contraire dans la peinture qui s’est épanouie en Italie et dans le nord de l’Europe au XVe siècle, avant la Renaissance plus mûre de Raphaël. Ils n’entendent pas imiter le style de cette peinture, mais plutôt sa capacité d’"aller vers la nature", comme l’écrivait le critique John Ruskin, et d’affronter des sujets "sérieux et élevés".
The Day Dream
The Flower Girl
GUSTAVE RODOLPHE BOULANGER.
Venus and Adonis
Persée and Andromeda 1616, Musée du Louvre
Cephalus and Procris (The Death of Procris), St Louis Art Museum
JOACHIM ANTONISZ WTEWAEL
CHARLES ANTOINE COYPEL
Jean-François de Troy est à la fois un « peintre d’histoire », c’est-à-dire qu’il traite de sujets historiques, mythologiques, moraux ou religieux, mais c’est aussi un peintre qui peut être plus léger, avec des scènes de la vie quotidienne, dans la lignée de Watteau.
Mythological portrait, Museum of Fine Art, Boston
Vertumnus and Pomona
Paulus Moreesle, Dutch painter and architect, active in Utrecht, where he helped found the St Lucas guild in 1611. He is best known for his portraits, which are similar to those made by his teacher Miereveld, but less severe. His portraits of shepherds and blonde shepherdesses with a deep décolletage were popular during his lifetime. He designed the Catherine Gate (destroyed) and possibly the façade of the Meat Market in Utrecht.
Little girl with a recorder, Frans Hals Museum, Haarlem
The duet 1629, Art Museum Seattle
Jan Miense Molenaer was active from 1629. He married Judith Leyster, a noted painter, in 1636. He spent his time in Haarlem and Amsterdam and his earlier works, like those of his wife, are strongly influenced by Frans Hals. The later pictures are more like the genre scenes of Adriaen van Ostade. There are works by him in Amsterdam, Berlin, Boston, Brussels, Frankfurt (Städel), Haarlem, The Hague, London (National Gallery), Stockholm and Vienna.
Cydippe with the apple of acontius, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam
Paulus Bor deserves to be better studied as so few of his pictures are at present known and they are all of good quality. He had a successful career and gained important commissions which included part of the decoration of the Huis Hanselaersdijk for Prince Frederick Henry in 1638.
The artist spent some three years in Italy (c. 1620-23) where he stayed in Rome. He was thus able to assimilate not only the general Caravaggesque idiom but also some of the polish which Orazio Gentileschi always gave to his work. Bor then returned to Amersfoort, where he probably spent the rest of his career. The special quality of his painting is the mysterious facial expressions which he gives to his otherwise quite conventional pictures. He adopted a style which is familiar from artists like Jan van Biljert. He has remained, for historians and connoisseurs alike, an independent spirit.
Lady with servant and dog
The music lesson
A Woman reading a letter with two Maidservants
Jacob Ochtervelt was a Dutch genre painter active mainly in Rotterdam, but from 1674 he lived in Amsterdam. He was influenced by Pieter de Hooch and through him by Vermeer. Apart from a few portraits and some early hunting party and "merry company" scenes, his paintings are almost all elegant upper-class interiors, in which he showed off a skill in painting silks and satins to rival that of Terborch. His figures are extremely refined, but there is often a sexual element in his painting.
Sketches Of Womens Ritual Ceremonies-Lunch
Sketches Of Womens Ritual Ceremonies-Wedding
View of Ladies Customs and Ceremonies
Portrait of a Young Woman, Museum of Fine Art Budapest
Venus 1520,Gemaldegalerie, Dresden
PALMA IL VECCHIO.
Donna che scopre il seno
Bacchante with grapes
Maria Magdalena 1530, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam
JAN VAN SCOREL
Sleeping woman 1544 (Vanitas), The Norton Simon Foundation
George Pencz worked in Dürer’s atelier. Like his master, he visited Italy and was profoundly influenced by Venetian art. This painting was certainly meant to be a collector’s cabinet piece or bedroom hanging. Pencz has drawn freely from the Venetian examples of Giorgione and his followers, and the painting’s main interest is undoubtedly erotic.